The list of all the birds of Spain (which includes the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands) available in Sparrou, following the official changes proposed in the new List of Birds of Spain 2022 recently published by SEO BirdLife, reaching an incredible total of 638 sighted species (19 species added and 3 species removed from the previous list).
All the modifications made to the List of Birds of Spain 2022 are detailed below and, therefore, applied to the bird species of Sparrou in all languages.
Taxonomic changes from the previous edition of the List
Taxonomic changes in families
As a consequence of the advances in the study of the phylogenetic relationships of birds, there has been a rearrangement of some taxa. The changes that affect the species of the Iberian Peninsula are as follows:
- The Scotocercidae disappears from the List, and is created cettidae to house your single component: Cetti's warbler (Cettia cetti)
- The family Passerellidaeis added, where two species are included but previously they were included to the family Emberizidae: White-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis), Song sparrow (Melospiza melodia).
Taxonomic changes in genera and species
- The taxon Anser fabalis subsp. rossicus, formerly a subspecies of Taiga bean goose (Anser fabalis), becomes integrated into the species Tundra bean goose (Anser serrirostris), which is added to the List.
- The taxon Melanitta deglandi subsp. stejnegeri is raised to species: Stejneger's scoter (Melanitta stejnegeri). For this reason Melanitta deglandi, not cited in Spain, disappears from the List.
- Gallinula angulata becomes Lesser moorhen (Paragallinula angulata) after replacing her gender.
- Porzana pusilla change to gender Zapornia, becoming Baillon's crake (Zapornia pusilla).
- Porzana parva change to gender Zapornia, becoming Little crake (Zapornia parva).
- Also leaves the genus Porzana the species Porzana marginalisNow Striped crake (Amaurornis marginalis).
- The old genus Oceanodroma disappears, and its former members pass into the genus Hydrobates: Swinhoe's storm petrel (Hydrobates monorhis), Leach's storm petrel (Hydrobates leucorhous), Band-rumped storm petrel (Hydrobates castro).
- Phalacrocorax aristotelis change its gender to Gulosus, now called European shag (Gulosus aristotelis)
- Phalacrocorax auritus change its gender to Nannopterum, now called Double-crested cormorant (Nannopterum auritum).
- Dendrocopus medius change its gender to DendrocoptesNow Middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocoptes medius).
- The taxon Falco pelegrinoides disappears as a species, when integrated as a subspecies of Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus).
- Most of the species of the genus Sylvia change its genus for Curruca. Of those belonging to the Spanish list, only the species Eurasian blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) and the species Garden warbler (Sylvia borin) keep their gender.
- The former taxon Sylvia cantillans iberiae (subspecies of Sylvia cantillans), acquires species rank. Having also modified its genus, it is now called Western subalpine warbler (Curruca iberiae).
- The former taxon Oenanthe oenanthe seebohmi (subspecies of Oenanthe oenanthe) is raised to species. It is now called Atlas wheatear (Oenanthe seebohmi).
- The former taxon Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca (subspecies of Oenanthe hispanica) is considered a species. It is now called Eastern black-eared wheatear (Oenanthe melanoleuca).
As a consequence of the review processes and taxonomic changes, three species have been removed from the List:
- Mimus gilvus, since after analyzing the geographic distribution of the species along with its range of movement, a natural arrival is ruled out and it therefore disappears from the List.
- Locustella fluviatilis, after reconsideration by the Rarities Committee of the only existing record, whose description is now considered insufficient to confirm the species.
- Falco pelegrinoides, because they are now considered a subspecies of Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus).
Taxa added to the list as a consequence of new records obtained
- White-tailed lapwing (Vanellus leucurus)
- Least tern (Sternula antillarum)
- Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross (Thalassarche chlororhynchos)
- Yellow-billed kite (Milvus aegyptius)
- Eurasian pygmy owl (Glaucidium passerinum)
- Pharaoh eagle-owl (Bubo ascalaphus)
- Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis)
- Bimaculated lark (Melanocorypha bimaculata)
- Eastern yellow wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis)
- Black-faced bunting (Emberiza spodocephala)
- White-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
- Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula)
- House finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)
- Great-winged petrel (Pterodroma macroptera)
- Trindade petrel (Pterodroma arminjoniana)
Names modified with respect to the previous edition of the List
Names modified for semantic needs
- Northern pintail (Anas acuta)
- Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross (Thalassarche chlororhynchos)
- Cory's shearwater (Calonectris borealis)
- Cape Verde shearwater (Calonectris edwardsii)
- Barolo shearwater (Puffinus baroli)
- Iberian green woodpecker (Picus sharpei)
- Levaillant's green woodpecker (Picus vaillantii)
- Moltoni's warbler (Curruca subalpina)
- White's thrush (Zoothera aurea)
- American robin (Turdus migratorius)
- Buff-bellied pipit (Anthus rubescens)
Names modified for taxonomic needs
- Tundra bean goose is used for the species Anser serrirostris, now separated from Anser fabalis.
- Taiga bean goose is used to name Anser fabalis, already existing before the division.
- Stejneger's scoter is used for the species Melanitta stejnegeri, now separated from Melanitta deglandi.
- Yellow-billed kite is used to name Milvus aegyptius, which for being a recent split lacked a vulgar name.
- Red-eyed vireo replaces the previous name to name the species Vireo olivaceus after the division of the former taxon into two species. The other species resulting from this division, Vireo chivi (not registered in Spain), is the one that retains the old name.
- Western subalpine warbler used for taxon raised to species Curruca iberiae, formerly a subspecies of Curruca cantillans.
- Western subalpine warbler is used for the species Curruca cantillans, already existing before the division.
- Western black-eared wheatear used for taxon raised to species Oenanthe melanoleuca, formerly a subspecies of Oenanthe hispanica.
- Eastern black-eared wheatear is used for the species Oenanthe hispanica, already existing before the division.
Remember that in Sparrou you will always have an updated checking list of the species of Spain (Iberian Peninsula, Balearic and Canary Islands), you can play all the games with these species and click on each name to access the species page with lots of useful information to help you to learn.
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